Assistant Medical Examiner Theodore Brown, M.D. was the only one to conduct the autopsy of Christopher John Cornell on Thursday, May 18th/17 in Wayne County, Detroit. Brown rules the manner of death a suicide by hanging. The findings of the body, in addition to the investigative report and the police report according to Brown, (the reports released to the public contradictory to each other) are stated to be evident of a suicide. Among the up-to-date medical journals I've researched and studied, to the several online testimonies from those in the medical field, the forensic science contradicts Chris's official ruling of death.
In my opinion, the autopsy conducted on Chris was botched. Wayne County morgue’s reported financial issues and its understaffed facilities may also have been behind the lack of a proper, thorough examination.
The head trauma referenced by the first responder, DMCare to Angela Anderson Cobb’s comments of “suspected blood near and under his head” after Chris was dragged from the bathroom to the bedroom, to the images and video clips of Chris on his final night alive are irrefutable. I now truly believe that the Medical Examiner OMITTED Chris’s visible head wound in the post-mortem report.
It’s highly unlikely to me that a head injury noted three times by three different sources would be a careless mistake by trained medics.
The partial DMCare Express patient care report was released by Vicky, shortly after The Detroit News article from May,15th/18. Nearly until the one year anniversary of Chris's passing,Vicky Karayiannis goes on to mention even further, AFTER her interview with Dr. Oz, transcribed by Alternative Nation on April,13th 2018: CHRIS CORNELL’S WIDOW REVEALS WHAT SHE ASKED SOUNDGARDEN ABOUT FINAL SHOW that, “He did not have control of his faculties due to toxicology, perhaps even exacerbated by other factors, including a head injury, which was referenced in two EMS reports that were left out of the autopsy report.”An emergency technician is heard on medical dispatch audio referencing a gash in Chris Cornell’s head. Also, a written report by the crew from DMCare Express, the ambulance company owned by the Detroit Medical Center, stated: “Laceration to back of skull. Minor bleeding noted upon crew arrival.”Nothing in the autopsy report reflects a head wound.“You can clearly see a gash or at least a visible big bald spot in pictures and video footage. It was confirmed by the band and crew — they said they saw it at the show and not at sound check,” Vicky Cornell said. “You can’t tell people there was no laceration when it’s documented, and we can all see it.”Vicky Cornell said she believes the wound happened after sound check because she said his bandmates didn’t notice anything wrong before then.
I've been asking what happened to Chris on that final night, watching several different videos of Soundgarden's last performance on Youtube. Chris's large patch of hair missing was the first thing that stuck out to me. His missing patch of hair was NEVER mentioned in any news outlets, by bandmates, VK, or anyone close to him within THE YEAR HE HAD DIED! I strongly believe Vicky being the culprit behind Chris's missing patch hair, hair pulled out violently in a possible altercation. Chris had spent time with family between his second to last show for Mothers' Day May,14th/17, where he did not display a large chunk of hair missing from the back of his head.
The event which ignited the "Head Wound" debate started back in March/2018. Prior to that, Vicky and her mother throughout all of social media still never mention Chris's very visible head injury. It was only until Renee S. DeCamillis, a fellow writer, musician and a long time fan of Chris's, communicated with Vicky via twitter in the following exchange:
I know I'm repeating myself from my last blog post, but I cannot stress this enough. Renee replies to Vicky's tweet on March,1st/2018 and then Vicky replies back on March, 3rd/2018 with, "Yes it could have and most certainly exacerbated all the symptoms." A month later, Alternative Nation covers Vicky's interview she had with Dr. Oz on April,13th 2018: CHRIS CORNELL’S WIDOW REVEALS WHAT SHE ASKED SOUNDGARDEN ABOUT FINAL SHOW mentioning Chris's "weird bald spot" for the first time and that she "didn't know about that."
The interview afterwards spawned additional articles published by Alternative Nation, mentioning Chris's obvious head injury, but attempting to dismiss the wound as nothing more than a myth. In addition, Vicky jumps on board with the fans of actual concern, very well knowing she can no longer ignore the MAMMOTH in the room. That's right, a MAMMOTH. After the Detroit News covering Vicky's sudden "concern" over a botched investigation, Alternative Nation publishes Chris Cornell Laceration Injury Detailed By Family: ‘You Can See A Gash’ published May,17th/18, showing images of Chris's head nearly a decade ago that are NOT of natural balding. The screenshot of that interview? Not a bald spot. That second to last image? Not a bald spot but actually a part in the hair. AND that's not even at the back of his head! The last image? A cowlick.
Not only have I been called a conspiracy theorist for over a year now, but I'm also being told by articles like "Chris Cornell Head Trauma Theory Explored On Autopsy Special" published Aug,7th/18, that what's obvious as fuck, is merely a theory. Throwing in the statements from Dr. Michael Hunter, who'll I'll discuss later on, annoys the shit out of me. The images they show of Chris on his final night alive were shot in high definition in AVCHD mode using a Panasonic Lumix DMC-ZS30 using “P” mode in ISO 3200 exposure and 1/60 min shutter speed.
That's hardly poor lighting!
Video by VideoGremmie of Youtube (VideoGremmie's account is no longer available):
According to "Chris Cornell Head Trauma Theory Explored On Autopsy Special" "Chris Cornell had a bald spot that was visible at times for several years where the apparent head wound may have been."
Where are the pictures and video proof of this? The three photographs Alternative Nation shows in Chris Cornell Laceration Injury Detailed By Family: ‘You Can See A Gash’ are not of natural balding. I've read comments all over the place of people dismissing Chris's head injury as a bald spot he had for many years. Some say it was an old scar. If that were the case, why can't I, nor anybody else find nor put together images of Chris from his recent years with this "bald spot" he supposedly had for a long time?!
Somebody please forward me images of Chris's "bald spot" equivalent to the pictures below, PRIOR to his last night alive. The images below of Chris's head are NOT OF NATURAL BALDING but hair seemingly ripped out with minor bleeding on the scalp! "Minor Bleeding" noted on the DMCare Express patient care report. VK now acknowledges the head injury and even goes on to say "It was confirmed by the band and crew — they said they saw it at the show and not at sound check." To this day, bandmates, the crew that night, nor anyone else close to Chris has confirmed nor denied the "gash or at least a visible big bald spot."
Kim Thayil recently made vague statements within The Detroit Free Press, published Oct, 25/18 regarding the nature of Chris's performance on Soundgarden's last show. No Kim, he wasn't fine and clearly something horrific had taken place before the show. Matt Cameron had a clear view of the back of Chris's head as you can see in the pic below! I'm certain Ben and Kim noticed as well. I'm also certain they knew exactly what was going on with Chris but continue to keep quiet. Whether it's their choice to keep their mouths shut or not, I hold no issue against their right to remain silent. Of coarse, I still can't help but feel disappointed with them.
"Thayil and other Soundgarden members were already en route to Columbus for the band's next date when they got word that Cornell had died back in his Detroit hotel room." In my opinion, that piece of information is utter bullshit. We are told this over a year later due to the lingering questions on the whereabouts of Matt, Kim and Ben that night. Well, according to The Daily Mail, when the story of Chris's passing first broke out that, "The group were whisked off together to the MGM Grand Hotel in a mini-bus." and "The guards, who were dressed in blue, accompanied the band to the hotel and they arrived within minutes."
Chris's demeanor during "Outshined" hurts me. He nearly faints before verse two and all throughout the final show, I saw Chris coming in and out of something, all the while trying to give his best performance.
Take a look at "Slaves & Bulldozers" and you'll also see him in that droopy state, slightly losing his balance.
The full videos of "Outshined"/"Slaves & Bulldozers" by: Uncle Sam - Alive in Detroit
I truly believe Chris was administered the sensitive "butalbital" unknowingly on his last night alive. Butalbital was found in his system (5.4mcg) and he had NO prescription for it. Yet strangely, nobody close to Chris even bothers questioning the mystery drug. Butalbital is only briefly mentioned within the Detroit News of this year with no further explanation since.
RANT BEFORE THE FORENSICS:
To anyone not believing Chris had a head injury, send me 20+ images of Chris Cornell showing he was balding from any year to his last year alive, omitting his final night on stage! It shouldn't be hard to do if Chris really was balding from the back of his head! All I've seen from those trying to disprove the head injury were images shared of natural parts in Chris's hair.
I've seen those four, cherry picked images posted on Twitter of Chris supposedly "balding throughout the years". What were those years? 2009, 2012, 2014 AND 2017? Why the gaps in the years? Shouldn't it be consistent? The 2017 image actually showing the infamous missing hair! Whoever compiled those four images together really tried hard to discredit the obvious fact that Chris Cornell had head trauma. I suspect whoever compiled those four images are probably of the "K" family or one of their "minions." Just a thought but wouldn't be surprising. Just because Chris's head injury isn't noted in the autopsy report/police report doesn't mean the wound doesn't exist! His head injury was noted three times but not mentioned in the post-mortem report. Why is that? Chris's head would've been lifted at least twice to note things like "trauma" and "minor bleeding."
1 of 4 of the compiled images of Chris dated in 2009, shows what appeared to be a legitimate bald spot. Someone please send me an additional 20+ images of that "balding" he had in 2009.
Once again, and I promise this is for the last time, I've NOT had any luck finding any images or video clips of Chris balding anywhere on his head. Any scalp you see is of NATURAL PARTING in the hair! Google,"Chris Cornell balding/losing hair/hair loss and you'll get nothing. Except a full head of hair! No images of him losing hair "over the years." The only images you'll see of Chris having a "bald spot," was on his last night alive; the reported head injury. A cowlick is not a form male pattern baldness. Natural parts in the hair, especially seen with longer and heavier hair, is not a form of male pattern baldness.
All I see is Christopher John Cornell and his beautiful long, (and short) curly dark brown hair. Chris did not go through losing his wonderful hair from the back, near the hairline like some men commonly do as they get older. Here's a interesting forum I found during my quest for this "bald spot" Chris supposedly had for many years. HAIRLOSSTALK: CHRIS CORNELL, HAIRLINE.
The "male pattern baldness" from what I see, is of Chris's hairline RECEDING throughout his years.
These pictures are among the millions of photographs you'll find of Chris with his receding hairline over the years. On a personal note, when I saw him live on his Higher Truth tour in Calgary of 2016, I was seated in Orchestra Center "B", second row from the stage at the Jack Singer Concert Hall. Chris's face was inches away from mine, and he turned left and right, bending over performing "Times are a Changin'" as his free flowing hair covered his face, giving me a clear view of the top of his head, to him turning around several times as he paced the stage. I understand people perceive things differently, but I saw no balding in 2016, nor in any images or video clips you can find of him in the entirety of the internet. EXCEPT for his last night alive.
Now, THE FORENSICS.
DISPUTES OF ASSISTANT M.E. THEODORE BROWN M.D. OFFICIAL RULING OF SUICIDE: CHRISTOPHER JOHN CORNELL.
page 3 of 5: EVIDENCE OF INJURY-HANGING:
The following sketches are my best, life size representations of the ligature furrow mark described by Assistant M.E.Theodore Brown M.D. Many who go against the official ruling of suicide, point to Brown's descriptions of the ligature furrow mark to be uneven measurements for a suicide by hanging.
Anatomical references by: ANATOMY 4 SCULPTURES
The image above is supposedly how Chris used the stretchy exercise band to operate as a noose. Looking closer, you'll notice strands of hair on the band. I believe those strands of hair are signs of a struggle.
How was the band TIED to leave a DEEP furrow? Take a good look at my sketch of the back (posterior) side of the neck. The ligature furrow mark curves higher on the right side of the neck than the left! What's demonstrated in the three photographs in the bathroom, which I strongly believe the majority of room 1136 to be staged, do not represent the ligature furrow mark observed on Chris.
Ligature Furrow Mark
Anterior (front): up to 0.5 centimeters wide
Left: up to 1.2 centimeters wide
Right: up to 2 centimeters wide
Posterior (back): ligature furrow mark curved upward, and was 8 inches below the top of the head.
I bought a red "Bionic Body Resistance Tube" similar to the one pictured above. The "abrasions" were NOT caused by the rubber material of that band! I strongly believe the abrasions to be another sign of a struggle. Fingernails are likely to have caused those abrasions as Brown notes, "four less than 0.1 centimeter to 0.5 centimeter dry, tan, abrasions associated with the ligature furrow mark."
http://medind.nic.in/jal/t13/i1/jalt13i1p63.pdf Under, OBSERVATION: paragraph 4.
"In the present study 70 cases (81.39%) of hanging did not show any periligature injuries around the ligature marks, while in all cases of ligature strangulation periligature injuries were present around ligature mark."
After completing visual representations of the ligature furrow mark of the neck, I re-enacted with my resistance tube around my own neck as if I were to strangle someone from behind. Also, being slightly taller than the victim. Being right handed, I raised my right arm naturally while my left arm remained lower, ALL THE WHILE both of my hands were clenched hard ( simulating tension of coarse) and both of my arms crossed, the left over the right thus creating full circumferential contact with the exercise band, and I shook both of my arms as if to squeeze the life out of someone. It was then that I could see EXACTLY how those uneven marks were made.
How was the body "partially suspended" if Kirsten claims to have SEEN Chris in the bathroom LAYING ON THE FLOOR, with the exercise band around his neck? ". . .I went inside and the bathroom door was partially opened and I could see his feet." The carabiner clip is said to have been JAMMED between the top of the door (the door had to have been closed to hold the carabiner in place) and door frame. With those details, I'm absolutely certain there was no "suspension" of any kind for a "suicide by hanging".
Even if the door had been closed with the carabiner in place, that resistance exercise band would not have supported the weight of Chris to hang. The band looks to have a 70lb resistance. Chris weighed 180lbs and was 6'3.
"(Kirsten) again called for security but could not gain access to (the) room," the report said. "At this time (Kirsten) kicked in (the) bedroom door and found the victim laying on the bathroom floor." From the DETROIT NEWS when they first reported the story of Chris's passing published May, 19th/17.
From HANGING - Encyclopedia.com paragraph 5: "Hanging from a high suspension point leaves diagonal marks on the neck like an inverted V, which do not run around the full circumference of the neck. The point where the noose meets the vertical part of the rope is pulled up and away from the body and does not leave a mark on the neck. This can be used to distinguish a hanging from a manual strangulation. However, in a hanging from a low suspension point, the marks on the neck tend to be horizontal rather than diagonal and may look more characteristic of a manual strangulation."
Again, the ligature furrow mark noted on Chris are noticeably uneven. EVEN if he was "partially suspended" of a suicide by hanging, I strongly believe the horizontal ligature pattern would most likely be closely even on all sides of the neck.
The body was reported to be "partially suspended" only after the release of the autopsy and toxicology reports.
Check out Glen Hetfield's two blog posts if you haven't already done so:
*UPDATE: Chris Cornell: A Suicide Without Motive (PT 3.) Published Thursday, February 28, 2019
Glen published PT 1 & PT 2 of his posts in May and in June of 2017 with a few updates made recently. He's stated to be working on a follow-up. Glen does a wonderful job breaking down the conflicting reports, going over the nonsensical stories and details, to debunking the notion that Chris was a depressed, pill-popping addict. Chris's clean toxicology report reviewed more times than I could count!
I do disagree with Glen's stance on VK and Chris's performance that final night however, Glen did write his two posts almost immediately after Chris had passed, already noting all of the discrepancies so I do look forward to his follow-ups.
I also highly recommend Renee S. DeCamillis two blog posts:
Renee is someone I approached back in early May of this year. Like many other fans, I connected instantly with her, seeing as she expressed and felt the same way I felt over Chris's suspicious death. I even showed her my anti Alt-Nation rough drafts before publishing them, with the advise and tiny editing she offered. With the millions of overwhelming thoughts, feelings, opinions to ridiculous theories surrounding the circumstances of Chris's death, it's easy to get lost in the sea of never-ending information. I recommend Glen & Renee for a good head start or a refresher into the details of Chris's sudden passing.
Lastly, with reading comments online in regards to Chris's neck injury, several people have mentioned the M.E. notes of, "A layered dissection of the anterior aspect of the neck demonstrated no hemorrhages of the soft tissues and muscles."The hyoid bone and thyroid cartilage had no fractures." This would be another indication Chris's death was due to strangulation and not a suicide by hanging.
I've researched afterwards the frequency of hyoid bone and thyroid cartilage fractures of hanging deaths and ligature strangulation:
"A cross sectional study of a total of 105 cases of hanging and ligature strangulation was conducted in the Department of Forensic Medicine, Victoria Hospital over a period of 20 months from November 2009 to June 2011. Results: Of the 109 cases studied, hanging constitutes 105 cases (96%) and ligature strangulation constitutes 04 cases (4%)."
Study of Fracture of Hyoid Bone in Hanging Cases notes: The presence of Hyoid Bone fracture has been documented more in the case of manual strangulation than in cases of hanging or ligature strangulation."
A Study of Hyoid Bone Fractures in Mechanical Asphyxial Deaths concludes:"Most of the of the cases of fractured bones were noted in throttling and none were reported in ligature strangulation"
DISPUTES OF ASSISTANT M.E. THEODORE BROWN M.D. OFFICIAL RULING OF SUICIDE: CHRISTOPHER JOHN CORNELL
page 1 of 5: SUMMARY & OPINION, paragraph 2:
"The autopsy was most significant for a ligature furrow mark of the neck, congestion of the head and neck above the ligature furrow mark, florid petechiae of the facial skin, and confluent petechiae of the left and right palpebral conjunctivae, all consistent with hanging, partially suspended by the resistance exercise band."
In addition the the uneven ligature pattern, I've learned that the M.E. descriptions above are not at all consistent with a suicide by hanging! Let alone a partial suspension!
LIGATURE STRANGULATION (Recommend the read. WARNING: GRAPHIC IMAGES.)
"In ligature strangulation, the pressure on the neck is applied by a constricting band that is tightened by a force other than the body weight. Virtually all cases of ligature strangulation are homicides."
"Suicides and accidents are rare. The mechanism of death is the same as in hanging — occlusion of the vessels supplying blood and thus oxygen to the brain. With constant compression of the carotid arteries, consciousness is lost in 10-15 sec."
1. "Congestion of the head and neck above the ligature furrow mark": According to "Ligature Strangulation," the face and neck above the ligature furrow mark will appear to be markedly congested, in contrast to hanging deaths."
2. "Florid petechiae of the facial skin. . ." : 86% in cases of ligature strangulation, Petechiae are present in the authors' experience. ("Ligature Strangulation" link)
"The presence of a congested face, petechiae, and scleral hemorrhage in ligature strangulation occurs because, unlike in hanging, there is no complete occlusion of the vasculature. Blood continues to go into the head from the vertebral arteries. It cannot escape, however, because of the compressed venous system. This results in increased intravascular pressure, congestion, and rupture of the vessels."
However, with florid petechiae, I’ve learned that their presence on the deceased doesn’t prove or disprove death by homicidal strangulation. According to EvidenceProf Blog: Under, "The initial important point to note is that" ". . .they are simply a marker of increased cephalic venous pressure." Still, in the majority of ligature strangulation cases, petechiae is present! EvidenceProfBlog offers excerpts into the presence of florid petechiae and I HIGHLY RECOMMEND THE READ!
“The medical examiner explained that in eighty-five percent of manual strangulation cases, petechiae—small red or purple spots caused by a hemorrhage—are present in the eye.”
3. ". . .confluent petechiae of the left and right palpebral conjunctivae.": These are tiny pinpoint red marks on the back of Chris's eyelids (palpebral). Again, the presence of petechiae on the decedent is a strong indication of foul play to have taken place.
Encyclopedia.com/science/: "If petechial hemorrhages and facial congestion are present, it is a strong indication of asphyxia by strangulation as the cause of death."
"Often they are seen in the conjunctiva of the eyes and also on the eyelids, especially after hanging."
"When found in a case of suspect hanging, the presence of petechial hemorrhages strongly suggests the victim was hung when still alive. This helps distinguish hangings staged to make a murder look like a suicidal act."
page 2 of 5: EVIDENCE OF TREATMENT paragraph 2:
“The soft tissues and muscles of the chest had multiple foci of hemorrhage.The anterior aspects of the right second through six and left second through fifth ribs were fractured. The anterior mediastinal soft tissues were hemorrhagic. The anterior aspects of the right and left lungs had focal areas of hemorrhage.”
The nine fractured ribs along with the internal hemorrhaging Chris sustained is highly debatable however, I absolutely do not believe the rib fractures to be penetrative of CPR given the circumstances. I've consulted nurses, emt's , and my family doctor and not one of those individuals supported the notion that 9 fractured ribs are a commonality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
Before I go into EVIDENCE OF TREATMENT, I must discuss the medical documentation of CPR related rib fractures.
With the information provided from the studies of SCI (skeletal chest injuries) as a result of CPR, in addition to the circumstances surrounding Chris's death, I strongly believe that Chris's severe, bilateral rib fractures along with the internal hemorrhaging he sustained are of blunt force trauma. An assault either manually or with an object. It's also possible that a tremendous amount of weight was applied to the upper body; an attempt to keep the victim down resulting in penetrative chest injury.
Rib fractures are a common complication in adults as a result of CPR but the risk, especially in the case of Chris Cornell, are quite low.
"Victims who are elderly, small in stature or children have the highest risk of developing rib fracture during chest compressions. Additionally, the chest bone, or sternum, also endures pressure and stress during chest compressions and can fracture as well." From Complications of CPR.
Performing Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: The heel of one hand should be placed on the lower part of the sternum, not the very end but mid-low, (the bone that connects the two rib cages) and placing the other hand on top, interlocking fingers. The arms are to be kept straight with the shoulders directly over the hands pressing down with the palm, at least 2 inches deep. 100 compression per minute- American Red Cross CPR STEPS.
A question that was swimming around in my head: What is the common number of rib fractures after manual CPR?
“It is well-known that rib fractures occur as a consequence of chest compressions during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), but when a patient dies, how can a pathologist determine whether those rib fractures are due to CPR, or another traumatic event such as an assault?”
Key questions for the pathologist to address In order to assess whether rib fractures in adults were caused by CPR or some other injurious insult, the pathologist can turn to the literature for assistance.
Dr Andrew Davison (Senior Lecturer in Forensic Pathology, Wales Institute of Forensic Medicine, UK) considers the following questions when he finds rib fractures at autopsy, which may have been caused by CPR:
1. Where do CPR-related rib fractures occur (i.e. the rib number and location/ site within a rib)?
2. Are the site and likelihood of fracture related to: age, sex, length of resuscitation attempt, type of resuscitation, and level of life support training of the person(s) carrying out chest compressions?
Twenty-Two excerpts from literature of case studies reviewing the frequency of rib fractures from manual CPR and ADC-CPR. However, the studies present problems: absence of information, important factors being rib number fractures, location of the fracture(s) (the site of the fracture on the rib (anterior/posterior) and the following list below:
Factors to consider when rib fractures are a result of CPR.
1. Position of the hands
2. Forced used
3. Compression Rate
5. Length of resuscitation
6. Method (manual or mechanical)
7. Qualification of the person
8. Age of the patient
In addition to the small study numbers, under CPR-related rib fractures in adults "REASONABLE CONCLUSIONS," it states: 8. Lateral fractures i.e. those occurring between the anterior and posterior axillary lines, do occur after standard CPR. If a fracture is noted in rib numbers 10 to 12 or in the posterior third of the bony part of a rib, then non-resuscitation trauma should be suspected.
I found CPR-related rib fractures in adults to be interesting and informative however, the studies do not provide concrete evidence that Chris’s 9 fractured ribs and severe internal injuries are a common result of CPR.
". . .are much more frequent and that increased compression rate and depth cause more SCI. Since in the period 2011-2013 accompanying severe injuries occurred in only 1.85% of cases, the resuscitation technique has not yet jeopardized patient's safety, but further close monitoring is needed." *The clinical paper in depth: "Resuscitation."
The American Association for the SURGERY OF TRAUMA, paragraph 2: "The most common mechanism causing rib fractures is blunt trauma (i.e. automobile accidents, falls from height, assault, or even severe coughing). Blunt trauma causes rib fractures by exerting direct pressure on the rib causing it to break. Approximately 10% of all patients admitted for blunt chest trauma have one or more rib fractures. Although the injury mechanism itself is an important consideration when discussing rib fractures; patient specific considerations are also important. Patients with advanced age, osteoporosis or osteopenia have an increased risk of number and severity of fractures."
Bone is extraordinarily strong — ounce for ounce, bone is stronger than steel, since a bar of steel of comparable size would weigh four or five times as much. A cubic inch of bone can in principle bear a load of 19,000 lbs. (8,626 kg) or more — roughly the weight of five standard pickup trucks — making it about four times as strong as concrete.
Still, whether or not bone actually withstands such loads depends heavily on how quickly force is delivered.
"When you perform CPR, you can give chest compressions and not break any ribs, but if you apply the same amount of force quickly instead of slowly, and you can end up having rib fractures,"
CHRISTOPHER JOHN CORNELL:
**52-years-old, good physical health, sober for 12 years, and I'm absolutely certain he did not have osteoporosis. It's also important to note that with his vocal range spanning 4 octaves, his singing ability would require a strong core and chest!
*There's a 40 minute gap between Vicky getting of the phone with Chris and sending Martin Kirsten (bodygaurd) to go check on him. Martin Kirsten reportedly was staying two doors down from Chris's room at the MGM.
"Vicky told police that she spoke with her husband at around 11:35 p.m., and at 12:15 a.m., called Kirsten to ask him to check on Cornell, "to see if he is alright, because he did not sound like he is OK." -ET ONLINE published May, 19/17.
*Upon Martin Kirsten's discovery, Chris was LAYING on the bathroom floor, with "blood running from his mouth," and a red exercise band around (his) neck,”- THE DETROIT NEWS published May, 19/17
*MGM Grand Hotel medic does not arrive until 12:56am AFTER Martin Kirsten's reported discovery of Chris at 12:15 am; an additional time gap of 41 minutes!
“Jones untied the red exercise band from (the) victim’s neck and began CPR on (Cornell, who) was not breathing.”
EMS Unit 42 was at the scene by 1 a.m. An emergency medical technician also unsuccessfully performed CPR on Cornell, according to the report.
**According to the EMS audio, the medic’s remarks to 911 dispatch states Christopher was “cool to the touch” all over; death pronouncement requested at 1:30AM.
With the first reponder's remarks and the gaps in the timeline, (important additional information pointed out by TMD- Phone Records Indicate Chris Cornell Death Timeline Is False?) Chris was DEAD ON ARRIVAL! The time of death seemingly to have occurred before midnight. Do EMT'S administer CPR on a patient who is"cool to the touch" all over? The patient having been LONG DEAD?
*Note - THE DETROIT NEWS: Reports add details about Cornell’s death, published July,11th/17, Martin Kirsten states within the police reports that,“I saw the band around his neck. He was on the floor. I forced the band from wherever it was hanging and attempted (to) loosen the band from around his neck, and began chest compressions with I believe my left hand.“The hotel EMT came in, directed me to stand aside and she began working on him. Other personnel started arriving, hotel security, medical staff and EMTs, and Detroit (police).
Before the release of Chris's toxicology report, THE DETROIT NEWS, published May, 19/17, WHEN THE STORY OF CHRIS'S DEATH FIRST BROKE OUT, specifically states that MGM medic Dawn Jones "untied the red exercise band from (the) victim’s neck and began CPR on (Cornell, who) was not breathing." With the gaps in time between Vicky speaking to Chris and summoning Martin Kirsten, to Martin Kirsten discovering Chris unresponsive and the MGM medic arriving 41 minutes later, I ABSOLUTELY do not believe Kirsten to have performed CPR on Chris! Martin Kirsten was alone with the body for over a half an hour! I also do not believe CPR was administered to Chris upon the arrival of other medical personnel. Again, I ask, do EMT'S administer CPR on a patient who is "cool to the touch" all over? The patient having been long dead?
Why is it that the MGM medic had to UNTIE the exercise band from Chris's neck? Martin Kirsten claims to have "loosened" the band from around Chris's neck but oddly LEAVES the band on? Then gives Chris chest compressions with only his left hand?
DISPUTES OF ASSISTANT M.E. THEODORE BROWN M.D. OFFICIAL RULING OF SUICIDE: CHRISTOPHER JOHN CORNELL.
page 2 of 5: EVIDENCE OF TREATMENT paragraph 2 CONTINUED:
“The soft tissues and muscles of the chest had multiple foci of hemorrhage.The anterior aspects of the right second through six and left second through fifth ribs were fractured. The anterior mediastinal soft tissues were hemorrhagic. The anterior aspects of the right and left lungs had focal areas of hemorrhage.”
1.“The soft tissues and muscles of the chest had multiple foci of hemorrhage."
"Foci," plural to "focus" in pathology is "the primary center from which a disease develops or in which it localizes." - Dictionary.com Also implied to be microscopic. (SEER Training definitions) Brown describes the tissues and muscles of the chest having MULTIPLE CENTERS of hemorrhages. (Bleeding)
That's my first problem under Evidence of Treatment; multiple centers of hemorrhages on Chris's chest. Shouldn't one area of the chest, the sternal area in particular, have bruising if CPR had been performed vigorously? I understand that bruising/internal bleeding may be a result of CPR, but it's important to keep in mind the circumstances surrounding Chris's death, and his physical condition prior.
In my opinion, the multiple hemorrhagic centers of the soft tissues and muscles of the chest, were of an assault.
2. "The anterior aspects of the right second through six and left second through fifth ribs were fractured. "
The nine fractured ribs noted by Brown as a result of "post acute cardiopulmonary resuscitation", is one I strongly disagree with! Poor quality CPR by professional medics? Again, consider the circumstances of Chris's death, the medical literature covering CPR related rib fractures above and Chris's physical condition prior.
The MGM Grand hotel medic, Martin Kirsten, who I strongly DO NOT believe administered "one handed CPR" on Chris and the additional medical personnel upon arrival at the MGM, should have adequate training for delivering proper chest compressions. Nine ribs fractured as a result of manual or mechanical CPR in the case of Chris Cornell, is an excessive amount of damage administered by trained medical professionals.
Human Rib Cage Diagram from, HUMAN BODY ANATOMY.CO
Brown only notes the location of the fractured ribs (anterior). In the rib diagram above, I circled the locations where I believe the site of the fractures on the ribs may have been. These assumptions are purely based on the research on CPR related chest injuries, (notes above) to Chris's physical injuries afterwards.
If the ". . .right second through six and left second through fifth ribs were fractured," I suspect that the site of the fractures on the ribs are from the sternum passed the costal cartilage and up to the costochondral joints. Perhaps the fractures were a bit further from the costochondral joints, reaching the curves of the ribs. Nearly lateral. I strongly suspect this due to Chris having multiple centers of hemorrhages on his chest!
What's interesting to me is that Brown doesn't note fractures on the sternum. Shouldn't the sternum most likely be fractured as well? Especially if nine ribs were fractured do to vigorous CPR? I do understand the sternal bone being stronger than the ribs themselves. Would having sternal fractures be a high indicator for resuscitation attempts over an assault? According to my studies of CPR related chest injuries, there are cases of sternal fractures, as positioning of the palms are to be placed on the sternum (mid-low) for proper chest compressions.
3. "The anterior mediastinal soft tissues were hemorrhagic."
Madiastinum- a space in the thorax that contains a group of non-delineated organs and their surrounding connective tissue. It lies in the midline of the chest between the pleura of each lung and extends from the sternum(FRONT) to the vertebral column.(BACK) - RADIOPAEDIA
The anterior madiastinum is the portion of the mediastinum anterior to the pericardium and below the thoracic plane. It forms the anterior part of the inferior mediastinum, and contains the thymus, lymph nodes, and may contain the portions of a retrosternal thyroid. - RADIOPAEDIA
Internal bleeding of the anterior mediastinum (BLUE AREA) connective tissues which falls behind the STERNUM. Thoroughly examine the two diagrams above. Going back to my first question above, number 2 paragraph 3, shouldn't the sternum most likely be fractured as well? I assume there were no sternal fractures due to Brown not mentioning any damage to the area.
Seemingly, the area of "compressions" performed on Chris had been placed on the ribs themselves away from the sternum. Here's an exclusive look at the sternum. Again, I circled the areas where the fractured ribs were noted.
4. The anterior aspects of the right and left lungs had focal areas of hemorrhage.”
Focal (PATHOLOGY) ". . .limited to one specific area and may be either microscopic (seen through a microscope) or macroscopic (seen with the naked eye). Focal is an adjective and is not a synonym for focus." - SEER Training definitions
I strongly assume Brown indicates more than one specific area of hemorrhaging; "focal areas of hemorrhaging." Had brutal chest compressions resulting in over a half a dozen rib fractures revived Chris, he would've ultimately asphyxiated on his own blood. Punctured lungs do to acute pulmonary resuscitation is a serious complication for a patient to endure; breathing would be excruciating. Examine the diagram and again, I circled the cite of the ribs were I believe the fractures may have reached. My assumptions are based on the notes of "multiple foci of hemorrhage" on the soft tissues and muscles of the chest and "the anterior mediastinal soft tissues were hemorrhagic."
In addition, Brown also notes Pulmonary Congestion, page 4 of 5 of the post mortem report. Primarily known as Pulmonary Edema which "is fluid collection within lung parenchyma both within alveoli and interstitial tissues." In cases of non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema, I've learned that strangulation is one of the neurogenic causes.
Under Discussion, paragraph 1:
-Strangulation is a recognized cause of noncardiogenic pulmonary oedema.
In Chris's case, the pulmonary congestion was non-cardiogenic meaning, he did not have congestive heart failure, a chronic progressive condition and the common cause of pulmonary edema.
On page 3 of 5 in Chris's post mortem report, Under Respiratory System it states, "The parenchyma was red-dark red and congested."
The lung parenchyma is the portion of the lung involved in gas transfer - the alveoli, alveolar ductsand respiratory bronchioles."- RADIOPAEDIA
Injuries involving only the lungs are relatively rare; generally they are a combination of thoracic and pulmonary trauma - INJURY TO TO THE LUNG PARENCHYMA
Wikipedia- Pulmonary Edema: Neurogenic causes: (seizures, head trauma, strangulation, electrocution). Post-obstructive pulmonary edema can result after a patient has sustained any upper airway obstruction. Conditions such as laryngeal paralysis, strangulation, or foreign body occlusion have all been known to cause NCPE.
The Shocking Truth About Non-Cardiogenic Pulmonary Edema: Under, Etiology/Pathophysiology, paragraph 3&4: (Vetbloom is the blog I'm referring BUT the information provided is not exclusive to animals)
Neurogenic pulmonary edema can occur secondary to conditions such as status epilepticus, head trauma, and electrocution and results from hydrostatic and pulmonary permeability changes. The inciting event creates a massive catecholamine release, leading to systemic vasoconstriction. This vasoconstriction creates an acute increase in hydrostatic pressure and severe hypertension in normovolemic patients. These changes are so acute that the alveolar epithelium and tight junction cells sustain significant damage and ultimately vascular leakage occurs.
Post-obstructive pulmonary edema can result after a patient has sustained any upper airway obstruction. Conditions such as laryngeal paralysis, strangulation, or foreign body occlusion have all been known to cause NCPE. The upper airway obstruction causes in acute increase in the patient’s thoracic negative pressure. This leads to a decrease in venous blood flow to the heart and an increase in pulmonary intravascular volume as blood pools. As the patient struggles to breath, the mechanical ventilatory stress creates pulmonary epithelial and endothelial damage. Hypoxia worsens leading to a sympathetic capillary vasoconstriction. The increase in pulmonary intravascular volume coupled with the capillary vasoconstriction leads to an acute increase in hydrostatic pressure. Since the pulmonary tissues have sustained damage, vascular leakage ensues.
Head trauma is considered a neurogenic cause of pulmonary edema, which brought me back to Chris's head injury. In the DMCare patient care report, (above) it states that there was 100ml -500ml of blood loss from a head laceration. Minor bleeding noted as seen in the concert footage.
I've read several discussions online that Chris's reported head injury, after the end of the concert in Detroit, may have endured more trauma. Allegedly. Again, that would also explain the non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema.
Again, why did Assistant Medical Examiner Theodore Brown M.D. omit Chris's head injury in the post-mortem report? The head injury not only blatantly visible in pictures and video on that final night, but also reported twice and strongly suggested by MEO investigator Angela Anderson-Cobb within the Event Report: "suspected blood near and under his head." Sorry to go on about that again.
It's my understanding that all injuries on the decedent, whether minor or severe, should be noted within a autopsy report. Again, and LASTLY I promise, Chris's head injury was omitted, whether or not the head trauma remained minor. The reason? It would heavily suggest foul play however, the forensics and the circumstances alone do just that.
"Your scalp can bleed profusely from even a minor cut. Many tiny arteries and veins serve the individual muscles and skin on your head. Some of these blood vessels lie deep within your skull, while other superficial arteries and veins are quite close to the surface of your skin.“The scalp is very thick skin, and because of it’s extensive blood supply even small lacerations to the head can lead to very large amounts of bleeding," says Troy Madsen, MD, an emergency physician at the University of Utah Hospital -
Lastly, in regards to the findings of non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema, there are also rare cases of suicidal hangings ending in death and rescue. You can google and research the papers easily as I won't bother citing them here. I've already determined over a year ago and demonstrated in this post that Chris's death was highly do to a homicidal ligature strangulation. Not a suicide by hanging.
Also under Respiratory System is, " The larynx and trachea were unremarkable. The epiglottis had focal areas of congestion." The epiglottis is the cartilage that covers the windpipe; the lid that keeps food from entering while swallowing.
Examine the diagrams below and you'll notice the epiglottis is above the larynx, (voice box) trachea and the thyroid cartilage.
Epiglottis congested, aka epiglottitis, is a condition caused by infections, burns and direct throat injury!- Mayo Clinic: Epiglottitis.
The epiglottitis and the unremarkable (normal) larynx and trachea, corresponds with the ligature furrow mark examined on Chris above the thyroid cartilage!
Examine my two sketches again of the ligature furrow mark. *Keep in mind that anatomical diagrams differ from source to source. Meaning that internal locations may be slightly off from one another but accurate at best.*
Lastly, going back to "The parenchyma was-red dark red and congested.", under Respiratory System.
It's noted that "No pulmonary emboli were identified." ,meaning Chris had no blood clots. "a blood clot gets caught in one of the arteries that go from the heart to the lungs, it’s called a pulmonary embolism (PE). The clot blocks the normal flow of blood." - What Is a Pulmonary Embolism?
Where did all of that blood come from on scene? Definitely not from a body that was "partially suspended" nor any resuscitation attempts administered on Chris AFTER he was long dead. Was the blood running from Chris's mouth from the internal hemorrhaging Chris sustained in his lungs? I believe it to be so.
The large amounts of blood photographed on the bathroom are not of a suicide by hanging. That is a Goddamn fact! TMZ and Cyril Wecht, a former medical examiner of Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, and chairman of the American Board of Legal Medicine board of trustees, who the Detroit News & Alt-Nation have cited several times, (more on Wecht and the other doctors cited for the false narrative later) have attempted to provide a logical explanation on why there was blood spatter on scene and Chris having "blood running from his mouth."
Keeping the circumstances in mind, Chris was dead upon arrival of the first medic, body cool to the touch in all areas and death pronouncement requested at 1:30am. With that, no medical assistance for at least an hour. I'm guessing Chris may have passed very well before midnight, shortly after he walks out of The Fox Theatre.
In my opinion, an altercation took place between Chris and his bodyguard Martin Kirsten or another assailant. I believe the altercation took place from the bedroom to the bathroom where Chris sustained his chest injuries and possible additional trauma to the back of his head, all the while heavily sedated to easily over power him, most likely by the non-prescribed "butabital" administered to him without his knowledge that night.
Strongly considering the appearance of the scene, blood splatter on the side of the tub and a trash can knocked over, the bathroom is where I believe a continued struggle and Chris's death took place.
WARNING: The following images may be upsetting.
The trash can knocked over.
I've read comments regarding this particular image and from what I think, that may maybe someone on the floor, almost completely out of frame. From examining the photo, it appears to be either the joint of the right elbow or knee. Remember, Chris was in a torn grey t-shirt and black underwear shorts and supine (on his back) upon discovery.
The amount of blood present on the bathroom floor aroused questions as to how exactly Chris's body was positioned in a "partial suspension." Like I concluded earlier, Chris was never in any way suspended.
M.E. Theodore Brown M.D. notes on page 2 of 5, paragraph 1 in the post-mortem report
that, ". . .livor mortis was present posteriorly and unfixed."
Livor Mortis or lividity is "an unnatural color of the skin. Lividity can be a useful reaction in determining the position of a body at the time of death and even whether a body was moved within the first few hours after death."
"Lividity can also result when blood flow ceases after death. The blood that was formerly flowing through the body can be drawn to the lowest point in the body by the influence of gravity. For example, if a victim was lying on her right side at the time of death, lividity would be evident on the right side of the face, hip, and on the areas of the right arm and leg that were closest to the ground." - ENCYCLOPEDIA: LIVIDITY
Lividity was present posteriorly (back) on Chris. There were no other patches of lividity mentioned anywhere else on Chris's body meaning, the position of his body was supine (laying on his back) when he died and when he was dragged out of the bathroom. Had Chris been "partially suspended" in anyway shape or form, lividity would be present anteriorly in his legs, his hands, forearms, etc.
Now, going back to the question on the large amount of blood present, Cyril Wecht answers within The Q&A from the DETROIT NEWS. Police: DNA not sent to lab in Cornell death published July, 21st/17.
Q.: Why was there so much blood splattered near the body?
A.: “In a hanging, the body continues to function, and the heart continues pumping blood,” Wecht said. “Blood vessels become engorged, and they burst. Some blood comes out from the airway, on up through the windpipe, into the mouth, and blood can come out your nose.“Have you ever had someone tell a joke and you spit your drink all over? Well, that’s what often happens with hangings, and when it does you’ll get blood splatters.”
With all of my research into the forensic sciences and my morbid wonder on cases of suicides by hanging, Wecht's answer to the blood splatter present is one of the dumbest things I've ever read. Keep in mind, Wecht never participated in the "investigation" into Chris's death! Seemingly, Wecht's position as a pathologist was used to feed into the suicide narrative. Of coarse, I've read nothing but vague statements from professionals weighing in on the Chris's death. More on that later.
Firstly, the blood splatter was on the side of the tub and on Chris's face.
Secondly, when the heart stops beating, there is nothing to pump blood through the body! LIVIDITY occurs after a person dies!
Thirdly, Wecht’s explanation conflicts with the actual findings of blood at a suicide by hanging.
"Saliva may be found dribbling from the angle of the mouth when the head is drooping forward. This is due to the increased salivation before death due to the stimulation of the salivary glands by the ligature. ForensicPathologyOnline/Hanging: WARNING: graphic images " Slight hemorrhage or bloody froth is sometimes seen at the mouth and nostrils, and some blood may be found under the head. This results from rupture of engorged blood vessels, and should not be mistaken for evidence of foul play."
My macabre curiosity led me browsing though several images of victims of suicidal hangings. Within the pictorial archives of those cases, there was absolutely no blood near or on the decedents!
“It’s very unlikely such large amount of blood found in a case of hanging,” Dinesh Rao, a forensic pathologist who has conducted more than 12,000 autopsies, told International Business Times in an email.
“…I would like to state at this moment that in partial hangings or [in] incomplete hangings, signs of congestion are common and sometimes we see ruptures of blood vessels as a reason for hemorrhage,” the doctor explained. “This needs to [be] confirmed during [an] autopsy by ruling out trauma as the source.” - From INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS TIMES. Published July,14th/17.
I've not found any medical journals supporting Wecht’s statements within the DETROIT NEWS. Police: DNA not sent to lab in Cornell death of the commonality of blood splatter, let alone the LARGE amount of blood photographed in Chris’s case for a "suicide by hanging."
I've seen a few who've cited ForensicPathologyOnline/Hanging as proof of blood being "common" for a suicide by hanging. Not the case! If you are not faint at heart, simply google it! Again, very little blood would be present. Very little bloody froth specifically from what I've researched and not blood running from the mouth.
The blood present in Chris's case additionally supports death by strangulation and blunt force trauma! Not a suicidal hanging. The excerpt below is the best source on blood and other specific findings on a victim; suicidal hangings & homicidal ligature strangulation. I HIGHLY RECOMMEND reading the entire research paper. I've learned certain findings are not always specific.
http://medind.nic.in/jal/t13/i1/jalt13i1p63.pdf- Under OBSERVATION, paragraph 2:
"Dribbling of saliva was present in 38.37% cases of hanging but not present in any cases of ligature strangulation. Bleeding from mouth and nose found in all cases of ligature strangulation but only in 1 case (1.16%) of hanging.